The DSO-500K is powered by a Raspberry Pi Pico W. References to Pico or Pico W in this documentation also apply to the DSO-500K
Install the Scoppy Android App
Install the Scoppy Android app from the Play Store.
If you purchased your DSO-500K before June 13, 2023 you should have received a code and instructions to upgrade to the premium version of the app.
For boards purchased after Jun 13 2023 (these boards have DSO-500K-P printed on the back), the premium features of the app will be unlocked automatically and upgrading to the premium version of the Scoppy app is not required.
Connecting to your Phone/Tablet
The DSO-500K can communicate with your Android phone/tablet over Wi-Fi or via USB. We recommended connecting via USB first and then configuring the Wi-Fi connection.
Attach the small (male) end of an OTG cable/adapter to the USB input of the Android device (do NOT plug it into the USB socket of the DSO-500K!). Plug a standard USB cable (Type-A to Micro-USB) into the other end of the OTG cable/adapter . Attach the other end of the USB cable to the micro-USB connector on the DSO-500K board.
Please note that if a connection over USB hasn’t been established within 10 seconds the DSO-500K will start listening to connections over Wi-Fi (the Wi-Fi LED will blink). To try connecting via USB again the DSO-500K will need to be restarted (by disconnecting then reconnecting the USB cable).
Please see Getting started with Scoppy and the Pico W for instructions on how to establish a wireless connection between the DSO-500K and the Scoppy app on your phone/tablet.
Once you open the app and a connection is established between the DSO-500K and the Scoppy app the onboard LED should stop blinking. You may need to tap the ‘Run’ button in the app if the scope is currently stopped (Scoppy will either be RUNNING or STOPPED. This status is displayed at the top right of the grid).
Connecting the signal source
The signal source can be connected to either the header pins labeled CH1 and CH2 or a BNC connector (if fitted).
Note that all GND pins/connections are connected together internally. If using two channels, the (probe) GND wires for each channel must be at the same potential (because they are effectively shorted together).
For each channel the center of the BNC connector and the corresponding header pin input are also connected internally. It it recommended you use either the BNC connector or the header pin input but NOT both at the same time.
Input voltage ranges
The DSO-500K will automatically change the input voltage range (sensitivity) as you adjust the volts/div setting in the app. The best vertical resolution is obtained by adjusting volts/div so that the trace fills most of the screen vertically (assuming the vertical position is 0). Further increases in volts/div may result in the signal being clipped.
When the voltage range changes you’ll probably see the trace momentarily ‘jump’. This is expected.
The currently selected voltage range can be seen on the channel badge at the bottom of the app screen (a number between 0 and 3). To manually select a voltage range, tap the channel badge and then tap ‘Select input voltage range’.
The output from the Scoppy signal generator is accessed via the two SIG pins at H12 on the board.
The upper pin (LP) is used when you want the signal to be fed through the low-pass RC filter (eg. when ‘Sine Wave (PWM)’ is selected as the signal type in the Scoppy app). When using the SIG LP pin, the two pins of H4 need to be connected with a jumper.
The lower SIG pin (DIRECT) is used for direct access to the signal generator output. Note: If the 2 pins of H4 are connected this will affect the output of the signal generator and so the jumper on these pins should be removed when using the SIG DIRECT pin.
Please note there is a bug that will sometimes cause the firmware to hang when the signal generator output is changed from a Sine (PWM) wave to square wave. If this happens simply cycle the power to the DSO-500K.
The pins marked DC are used to select AC or DC coupling. Connect the pins with a jumper for DC coupling. Leave the pins unconnected for AC coupling.
The board is compatible with 10X probes. The probe attenuation can be set in the app by tapping the channel badge at the bottom of the screen and then tapping ‘Settings’ and ‘Probe’.
10X probes may need to be compensated to match in the input capacitance of the oscilloscope. This video by R&S explains probe compensation in detail.
For board revision 4b and lower see here
There will be some unpopulated holes/pads on your board. Depending on your board revision these may include:
Test point for the -2.5V rail. Do not draw current from this rail as it will adversely affect the performance of the oscilloscope.
Restart/Reset. Shorting these will restart the DSO-500K. A momentary switch could be soldered to these holes/pads to make it easier to restart the oscilloscope. Double clicking the switch will cause the Pico W on the DSO-500K to enter USB mass storage mode.
For connecting external Wi-Fi and Trigger LEDS if the board is to be enclosed in a case.
For connecting an external status LED if the board is to be enclosed in a case (no firmware support for this as yet).
Reserved for future use. We might add support for switching between AP and Station modes by the press of a button attached to these pads.
Updating the Firmware
Download the latest firmware file to your computer.
Push and hold the BOOTSEL button on the Pico, then connect it to your computer using a normal USB cable (Type-A male to Micro-USB male). Your computer should detect the Pico as a USB Mass Storage device. Release BOOTSEL once the drive RPI-RP2 appears on your computer. Copy the uf2 file to your Pico.
The onboard LED should start blinking.
Trimmer capacitor adjustment
The green trimmer capacitors on the board were adjusted before the board was shipped but if you find your square waves are not looking very square then adjusting them might help.
Note. If a jumper is connecting the pins on H4 then the this will affect the output of the signal generator. Remove the jumper before performing the trimmer capacitor adjustment.
Instructions for adjusting the trimmer capacitors can be found in the FSCOPE assembly instructions.
Help and Support
Visit the FHDM TECH forum